The current Low Voltage Directive (2014/35/EU) was published in 2014 to bring it into line with the New Legislative Framework (NLF). It came into force on the 20th April 2016 immediately replacing the previous Directive 2006/95/EC without a transition period.
This had little effect for manufacturers apart from:
- The exclusion of, ‘custom built evaluation kits destined for professionals to be used solely at research and development facilities for such purposes’, from the scope of the directive.
- The technical file contents remain largely the same however there is now a new addition with the need to complete ‘an adequate analysis and assessment of the risk(s)’ as part of the technical documentation
- There is no longer a provision for use of a Notified Body
The Low Voltage Directive is the oldest of the New Approach Directives and deals with the safety of electrical apparatus. It applies to all apparatus running on (or generating) an electrical supply in the range 50 - 1000 volts a.c. or between 75 and 1500 volts d.c..
There are a small number of exclusions from this Directive, which are generally products covered by more specific directives.
The Directive has both administrative and protective requirements. Administrative requirements include CE marking the product, completing a Declaration of Conformity and compiling a Technical File.
Protection requirements are generally satisfied by assessing the products compliance to various standards. Compliance to the Low Voltage Directive is self-certified without the need for a notified body.
See also Low Voltage Directive - Annex 1