1st August 2023 UK Government announces indefinite extension to CE marking > Read More...
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The European Economic Area includes the twenty eight member states of the European Union:

Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
the Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom
and three of the four states of the European Free Trade Association:
Iceland
Norway
Liechtenstein

Under article 100a of the Treaty of Rome, all member countries of the European Union are required to apply the CE marking Directives in full and to withdraw any national legislation affecting products which are covered by the directives. The same technical requirements apply for the EEA members of EFTA, but since EFTA states are not part of the EU customs union, additional duties and tariffs may be applied by EFTA countries for goods imported from outside their borders. EU countries are not permitted to set their own customs tariffs - this must be done only by EU-wide agreement.
The Channel Islands and the Isle of Man have Associate Member status. The dependencies of other member states presumably have similar arrangements.
Harmonised standards are common to all countries of the EEA and CE marked products are required to have access to the EEA market without restriction. National deviations to standards are permitted, but only where these relate to some particular local condition which is outside of the legal powers of standards makers or government (for instance, differing climatic conditions between northern and southern European states).
Switzerland, the fourth member of EFTA, is not part the EEA and is free to introduce independent requirements for any products sold within its borders. It is, however, a member of CEN and CENELEC so its technical requirements are again essentially the same as within the EU.
Enlargement to include several other states on the current eastern and southern borders is also likely in the longer term. The primary candidates for further expansion are Croatia, Macedonia and Turkey. Actual dates for joining are far from certain because there are some significant political and economic issues to be resolved first. A timescale of two to five years minimum seems most likely.
So far as manufacturers of products to be shipped to the EU are concerned, the actual date of membership is of less relevance than the alignment of product safety legislation and technical requirements (e.g. product standards). Agreements with candidate countries to liberalise trade in industrial products should also make the requirements more uniform, but do not create the straightforward single set of requirements provided for in Article 100a.


Further details of European enlargement activities are available from The European Commission
Further details of the EEA and EFTA can be found on the web site of The Secretariat of the European Free Trade Association, EFTA.

Introduction to CE and UKCA Marking your Products

This course will guide you through the complete CE marking process, from design considerations and finding the right standards to completing all the necessary documentation.

Read more: Introduction to CE and UKCA Marking your Products

CE and UKCA Marking Machinery & Industrial Equipment

This course will give you an understanding of how to carry out machinery assessments, including finding and applying the relevant standards, and the documentation that must be provided.

Read more: CE and UKCA Marking Machinery & Industrial Equipment

Machinery Risk Assessment Training

This course explains the role of standards in the risk assessment process, to enable designers and project managers to carry out the risk assessment in the most efficient way.

Read more: Machinery Risk Assessment Training

Pressure Equipment Directive Training Course

This course provides an overview of the Pressure Equipment Directive, where you will learn who should take responsibility, how to find and apply standards, what documentation you need to produce.

Read more: Pressure Equipment Directive Training Course

ATEX Compliance & Risk Assessment Course

This course will take you through the CE and Ex marking process in detail. You will gain an understanding of the requirements, including the various options for ensuring equipment is safe.

Read more: ATEX Compliance & Risk Assessment Course

CE & UKCA Marking Electrical Equipment Training Course

This course will explain who is responsible for CE marking, and what should be done to carry out the process correctly, as well as looking into the directives and standards involved.

Read more: CE & UKCA Marking Electrical Equipment Training Course

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