The European Economic Area includes the twenty eight member states of the European Union:

Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
the Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom
and three of the four states of the European Free Trade Association:
Iceland
Norway
Liechtenstein

Under article 100a of the Treaty of Rome, all member countries of the European Union are required to apply the CE marking Directives in full and to withdraw any national legislation affecting products which are covered by the directives. The same technical requirements apply for the EEA members of EFTA, but since EFTA states are not part of the EU customs union, additional duties and tariffs may be applied by EFTA countries for goods imported from outside their borders. EU countries are not permitted to set their own customs tariffs - this must be done only by EU-wide agreement.
The Channel Islands and the Isle of Man have Associate Member status. The dependencies of other member states presumably have similar arrangements.
Harmonised standards are common to all countries of the EEA and CE marked products are required to have access to the EEA market without restriction. National deviations to standards are permitted, but only where these relate to some particular local condition which is outside of the legal powers of standards makers or government (for instance, differing climatic conditions between northern and southern European states).
Switzerland, the fourth member of EFTA, is not part the EEA and is free to introduce independent requirements for any products sold within its borders. It is, however, a member of CEN and CENELEC so its technical requirements are again essentially the same as within the EU.
Enlargement to include several other states on the current eastern and southern borders is also likely in the longer term. The primary candidates for further expansion are Croatia, Macedonia and Turkey. Actual dates for joining are far from certain because there are some significant political and economic issues to be resolved first. A timescale of two to five years minimum seems most likely.
So far as manufacturers of products to be shipped to the EU are concerned, the actual date of membership is of less relevance than the alignment of product safety legislation and technical requirements (e.g. product standards). Agreements with candidate countries to liberalise trade in industrial products should also make the requirements more uniform, but do not create the straightforward single set of requirements provided for in Article 100a.


Further details of European enlargement activities are available from The European Commission
Further details of the EEA and EFTA can be found on the web site of The Secretariat of the European Free Trade Association, EFTA.

What's in the Shop

Buy self-certification guides, checklists, sample documents and much more....

Self-Certification Pack for Fixed Indoor Luminaires

£250.00

Prepaid Consultancy Time - 60 Minutes

£130.00

ATEX Directive - Tech File Checklist

£20.00

EMC, LVD, RoHS Draft Declaration of Conformity

£10.00

EMC Assessment

£50.00

Machinery - Draft Declaration of Conformity

£20.00

Upcoming Training Courses

The Pressure Equipment Directive

12th February 2020 - Great Hucklow

£350.00 + VAT

CE Marking Electrical Equipment

27th February 2020 - Great Hucklow

£350.00 + VAT

Introduction to CE Marking your Products

3rd March 2020 - Great Hucklow

£350.00 + VAT

Testimonials

"Everyone who attended has commented on the relevance of the course content and the knowledge of the trainer.  Our Head of Safety who attended the course was very impressed."

Debra Gisby - AMRC Group

"Conformance Ltd have been able to advise Sidhil on a range of matters giving considered and understandable advice on each occasion."

Alastair Fry - Sidhil.com

"You provide an outstanding service ... thank you very much for your help."

Michael Allison - Business Starter

How Can We Help You?

Page Contact form

Ask a question, or request a callback.
Please type your full name.

Invalid email address.

Invalid Input

Test description

Invalid Input

Invalid Input

Please make a selection

Invalid Input

Invalid Input

Conformance is Trading Globally

colour map4

Conformance Offices

Head Office

Great Hucklow
Buxton
Derbyshire
SK17 8RG
United Kingdom

Tel: +44 (0)1298 873800
Fax: +44 (0)1298 873801
E-mail: cemark[at]conformance.co.uk

Lancaster

2 Lodge Cottages
Thurnham
Lancaster
LA2 0DT
United Kingdom

Tel: +44 (0)1298 873800

Go To Top